Flowers also play an important role. Roses have deep symbolic meaning. The founder of the Bahá’í faith, mentions roses in his writing more than any other flower. They are often used as a metaphor to explain important Bahá’í teachings, like unity in diversity, the love of God, and the spiritual health of an individual in their community. Other flowers were chosen for their appearance in scripture, their beauty, fragrance, or vibrant colors.

Some ideas for designing a Baháʼí Garden, besides roses of all types:

Ornamental Oregano, Thyme, Hydrangeas, zinnias, calla lilies, snapdragons, starflowers, Trailing Rosemary, native North American plants (coneflowers, anise hyssop, swamp milkweed, bee balm, and little bluestem), tulips, flowering cherry, crabapple, hardy palms, cypress, Jacaranda tree.

Persian Influence is commonly seen, and many of the historic gardens have this element. You can find ornamental garden objects that would fit in well with the opulent Taj Mahal feel.

Many of these common garden elements can be traced to the Persian Garden influences.

  • The origin of Persian gardens may date back as far as 4000 BCE; the presence of water grew increasingly important. Great emphasis placed on fountains and ponds in gardens.

  • Sunlight and its effects were an important factor of structural design in Persian gardens. Textures and shapes were specifically chosen by architects to harness the light.

  • Shade is also very important in the garden. Trees and trellises are used to create resting areas for gathering and seclusion that are especially needed in the Persian summer heat. 

  • The Persian style often attempts to integrate that which is “indoors” with the “outdoors”. This is often achieved through the connection of a surrounding garden, with an inner courtyard.