Beautiful flower, vegetable and fruit gardens can become deer buffets unless you take steps to make your garden unappetizing, and use some method of keeping the garden sheltered and safe. The dog is almost always the best natural deterrent. Choose perennial plants that grow and thrive in your hardiness zone. Regions that are too cold or too hot for your choice of plants will kill your plants. A great idea would be to chat with your gardening neighbors when choosing plants that will thrive also in your garden.

There are hundreds of plants that are deer resistant, so you'll have no trouble designing a beautiful garden that will be offensive to deer. Below is an in-depth listing of deer resistant landscape plants that will at least seem undesirable to deer.

Click here to View List of Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance

Grow the suggested plants in any of the design themes on this site in-ground or in pots, or both. I prefer pots. It's easy to move a plant that's being ravaged by creatures and move it somewhere safe. Especially expensive dwarf trees and other high end plantings. Grow the deer resistant plants and trees in these pots for mobility and more planting space.

If you live in an urban setting where soil is almost or thoroughly non-existent, a deer resistant garden grown in pots is the way to go. I can move entire garden themes all over the yard according to my whims. So don't let the lack of space or soil stop you. You can grow this theme as a vertical garden if you have only a balcony or small courtyard to plant in. Use tiered garden shelves, trellises and hanging pots. Whatever size or configuration that works for you will be beautiful. I have converted most of my small space into a garden featuring planters, trellises, shelves arches, ornamental fencing for vines, and I use hanging baskets. My ornamental dwarf trees and fruit trees are the focus in the centers, or the sides, of my designs. I won't be able to have as many trees and shrubs if I didn't grow in decorative pots. Deterring deer adds a higher level of thought when planting.

Deer have become a major pest of gardens throughout North America, from rural farms to urban parks. People and deer share habitats, due to over-development and humans encroaching upon wildlife areas. Deer are creatures of habit. Once they find a route with lots of tasty treats, they follow it. Your objective is to either block that path, or give them reasons to move to another area. Fencing helps, but is expensive and not always possible. Sprays that smell or taste bad to deer often work, but need to be reapplied frequently to be effective. One of the best ways to avoid feeding them is to grow their least-favorite foods. And get a dog.

A lot will depend on the other food options in the area, the competition for food, and the eating habits of the deer. No plant is 100 percent resistant to any hungry animal. Once itís finished off its favorites, the critter will move on to the next least-offensive-tasting plant. The key is to create a garden that contains very few of their favorites.

When trying to repel any pest or nuisance animal, learn about its habits, likes, and dislikes. Deer have long been a problem for gardeners and farmers. There are fewer predators than years ago, and many gardeners have moved out into country areas where deer have long roamed freely. Deer in rural areas are often more timid of human presence and activity than those in urban areas, so different control methods may be effective. Your county agricultural extension service or local wildlife management office can give you the most accurate information about deer activity in your area. I have friends who live in a rural area near a wooded area. There's a rhododendron feeding frenzy every spring. They had several in their landscape. I noticed a type of rhododendron on the list of plants they're not very fond of..... so there you have it. The deer generally eat what they find when grazing, but there are some varieties of the plants you love that are resistant.

Assess your site. If your landscape is large, with many prized and widely-spaced plantings, your choice of deterrents may differ from those of a gardener with only one or two areas susceptible to damage. A repellent that must be reapplied frequently may be more cost-effective for large landscapes, whereas a couple of small barrier fences could work fine for an area with small gardens or just a few fruit trees. Deterrants may need to be changed out as well, once deer figure out a way around it.

Vary your use of control options. When using repellent products and/or tools designed to scare wildlife, don't use any one method for too long, or the deer, rabbits, and other midnight munchers will catch on to your game. Mixing methods can keep them guessing for a while. Work with your neighbors. If an entire neighborhood can get together to make the area unpleasant for deer, they'll have more incentive to move elsewhere.

Repellents - There are quite a few products with flavors and odors offensive to deer that gardeners can spray on plants or spread on the soil. Some (fermented egg yolks) offend deer's sense of smell; others (predator urines) frighten them. More of these products are licensed for use on ornamental plants than on food plants; follow directions for application. Home remedies can be used as well, including cayenne, hot-pepper sauce, talcum powder, blood meal, dog hair, and deodorant soap. I use Irish Spring soap after reading about it on a blog - I can't stand the smell of it myself - I buy by the case, chop it up and scatter it around the gardens. I don't have deer, but the rabbits disappeared. Blood meal doesn't seem to work for me on any pests.

Install a fence if you can. If you've thought about building a pretty picket or privacy fence before, asap's the time to do it. Plastic screen netting is cheaper and easier to install than fencing. But I find it ugly in urban neighborhood settings. It may be okay in outer suburbia, rural areas, and for vegetable gardens, but I think it's an eyesore around a beautifully designed ornamental garden. Deer can and will jump fences, so it's not foolproof, just a pain for them to have to do it. Things can be hung on or around a fence to keep them away. And yes, do get a dog if you love them -  that will scare them and leave a scent of danger on your property. Deer aren't dumb, but rabbits are one of the dumbest of destructive animals. The critters stand still and look at you while you get something to scat them with. They always wait til I get close before scramming. If i were a hunter, the crockpot would be full.

Caging tree saplings and young shrubs is a good option. Once trees are older, they'll be more resistant to browsing deer. Fabric row covers supported with hoops can protect vegetable beds. "Invisible" mesh netting can be erected over ornamentals to allow viewing but not chewing. I use them to keep birds and insect pests away from my dwarf fruit trees. Mine are like big sacks with drawstrings that you put over the tree. Effective, but kinda ugly unless you use it in the backyard. They come in a fine mesh, and many brands carry green bags, so it doesn't look like you have rows of ghosts in your landscape. those can be used in a front yard for a while. If you don't think deer will browse a neighborhood's front yards, you are very wrong.

A single strand of fishing line strung across a deer path creates an invisible force that can confuse the creatures enough to detour them around your garden. I'm not sure I'd do that because of other animals, birds or humans getting injured. Birds won't see them until they fly into them and are garroted. But I am here to tell you what your options are.

Plant choices
Food preferences of deer vary, based on populations and available choices. Here is where information about local herds comes in handy. There is probably a list of plants that deer don't care to eat in your area. In general, deer tend to pass on ferns and ornamental grasses, plants with fuzzy foliage, and plants that taste of lemon, mint, or sage, very fragrant (sweet or spicy) plants, and those that are bitter and pungent (hot and spicy).

Feel free to print out this page for reference.

A very easy to plant and care for deer resistant zen garden. Choose plants in the colors you love, and those that will thrive in your cold hardiness zone.

A -
Switchgrass

B - Bluebeard

C - Dwarf Japanese Maple - Great when planted in a big, beautiful Asian-Style planter. Choose a weeping habit and finely cut-leaf variety. There are many with gorgeous fall color, and many with beautiful pinks and white colorings in spring and summer. Slow growing and low maintenance.

D - Coneflowers (echinacea). These are available in several colors and heights. The sturdy stems make this plant a stunner in a vase, and the birds feast on the dry seed heads. I make winter teas from the leaves petals and seed heads.

E - Agastache (hummingbird mint). Pollinators love it, and it's a well-known hummingbird magnet. Steadily blooming flower spikes throughout summer into fall. I plant butter yellow and purple agastache in pots. It's my new favorite perennial.

F - Ajuga or Creeping Phlox

Note: I would add a few clumps of irises to add to the zen look. Deer aren't very fond of their fragrance or taste. These will bloom in spring to early summer, and some are reblooming - they will bloom again in fall. Use these to add a continuing display of flowers in this garden. The foliage is very attractive after the bloom, too. Some will stay green and shapely long after they're done blooming.

 

Next up is a great garden for beginners. Easy care and long bloom, and a garden that also attracts pollinators.
click here to download the following Better Homes and Gardens design plan in .pdf format. 
Plan includes large illustration, layout and plant info.

click here to download the following Better Homes and Gardens design plan in .pdf format.

Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance

The most awesome list ever....

The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) Cooperative Extension personnel, and Rutgers Master Gardeners in northern New Jersey.

Realizing that no plant is deer proof, plants in the Rarely Damaged, and Seldom Severely Damaged categories would be best for landscapes prone to deer damage. 

Plants Occasionally Severely Damaged and Frequently Severely Damaged are often preferred by deer and should only be planted with additional protection such as the use of fencing, repellents, etc. 

Success of any of these plants in the landscape will depend on local deer populations and weather conditions.

KEY:

A = Rarely Damaged
B = Seldom Severely Damaged
C = Occasionally Severely Damaged
D = Frequently Severely Damaged

All Ratings - All Types
Common Name Latin Name Type Rating
Ageratum   Ageratum houstonianum Annuals A
Allegheny Spurge Pachysandra procumbens Groundcovers A
American Holly Ilex opaca Trees A
Angel's Trumpet Brugmansia sp. (Datura) Annuals A
Anise Pimpinalla anisum Annuals A
Anise Hyssop  Agastache sp. Perennials A
Annual Vinca  Catharanthus rosea Annuals A
Arrowwood Viburnum Viburnum dentatum Shrubs A
Autumn Crocus Colchicum sp. Bulbs A
Barberry  Berberis sp. Shrubs A
Barrenwort Epimedium sp. Groundcovers A
Basket of Gold Aurinia saxatilis Perennials A
Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica Shrubs A
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Groundcovers A
Big Bluestem Andropogon sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Bigleaf Goldenray Ligularia dentata Perennials A
Bishop's Weed Aegopodium podagaria Groundcovers A
Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis Perennials A
Blue Fescue Festuca glauca Ornamental Grasses A
Blue Mist Shrub Caryopteris clandonensis Shrubs A
Blue Oat Grass Helictotrichon sempervirens Ornamental Grasses A
Bluebell Endymion sp. Bulbs A
Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus parviflora Trees A
Broom Cytisus sp. Shrubs A
Bugleweed Ajuga reptans Groundcovers A
Bush Cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa Shrubs A
Butter & Eggs Linaria vulgaris Perennials A
Buttercup Ranunculus sp. Perennials A
Butterfly Bush Buddleia sp. Shrubs A
Cactus Cactaceae sp. Perennials A
Catmint Nepeta sp. Perennials A
Christmas Fern Polystichum arcostichoides Ferns A
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Ferns A
Clump Bamboo Fargesia sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Common Boxwood Buxus sempervirens Shrubs A
Common Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Biennials A
Common Tansy Tanacetum vulgare Perennials A
Corydalis Corydalis sp. Perennials A
Crown Imperial, Fritilia Fritilaria imperialis Bulbs A
Daffodil  View photo of Daffodil Narcissus sp. Bulbs A
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Perennials A
Daphne Daphne sp. Shrubs A
Devil's Walking Stick Aralia spinosa Shrubs A
Drooping Leucothoe Leucothoe fontanesiana Shrubs A
Dusty Miller Centaurea cineraria Annuals A
Dwarf Alberta Spruce Picea glauca 'Conica' Trees A
European Ginger Asarum europaeum Perennials A
False Camomile Matricaria sp. Annuals A
False Indigo Baptisia australis Perennials A
Feather Reed Grass Calamagrostis sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Flowering Tobacco Nicotiana sp. Annuals A
Forget-Me-Not Myosotis sp. Perennials A
Forget-Me-Not  Myosotis sylvatica Annuals A
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides Ornamental Grasses A
Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Shrubs A
Fringed Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia Perennials A
Garden Sage Salvia officinalis Perennials A
Germander Teucrium chamaedrys Perennials A
Giant Japanese Silver Grass Miscanthus floridulis Ornamental Grasses A
Giant Reed Arundo donax Ornamental Grasses A
Golden Bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Ornamental Grasses A
Greek Jerusalem Sage Phlomis sp. Perennials A
Hakonechloa Hakonechloa macra Ornamental Grasses A
Hard Rush Juncus effusus Ornamental Grasses A
Hayscented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Ferns A
Heath Erica sp. Shrubs A
Heather Calliuna sp. Shrubs A
Heliotrope Heliotropium arborescens Annuals A
Holly Fern Cyrtomium falcatum Ferns A
Horehound Marrubium vulgare Perennials A
Horseradish Armoracia rusticana Perennials A
Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis Perennials A
Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans Ornamental Grasses A
Iris Iris sp. Perennials A
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphylum Perennials A
Japanese Black Pine Pinus thunbergiana Trees A
Japanese Blood Grass  Imperata cylindrica Ornamental Grasses A
Japanese Painted Fern Athyrium goeringianum (nipponicum) Ferns A
Japanese Pieris, Andromeda Pieris japonica Shrubs A
Japanese Plum Yew Cephalotaxus harringtonia Shrubs A
Japanese Sedge Carex sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Japanese Silver Grass Miscanthus sinensis Ornamental Grasses A
Japanese Skimmia Skimmia japonica Shrubs A
Japanese Sweet Flag Acorus sp. Ornamental Grasses A
John T. Morris Holly Ilex x 'John T. Morris' Shrubs A
Katsura Tree Cercidiphyllum japonicum Trees A
Lamb's Ear Stachys byzantina Perennials A
Large Blue June Grass Koeleria glauca Ornamental Grasses A
Larkspur Consolida ambigua Annuals A
Lavendar Lavandula sp. Perennials A
Lavender-Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus Perennials A
Leatherleaf Mahonia Mahonia bealei Shrubs A
Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis Perennials A
Lenten or Christmas Rose Helleborus sp. Perennials A
Lily of the Valley Convallaria majalis Groundcovers A
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Ornamental Grasses A
Lungwort Pulmonaria sp. Perennials A
Lydia Morris Holly Ilex x 'Lydia Morris' Shrubs A
Lyme Grass Leymus arenarius glaucous Ornamental Grasses A
Marjoram Majorana Perennials A
May Apple Podophyllum Perennials A
Meadow Rue Thalictrum sp. Perennials A
Mimosa Albizia julibrissin Trees A
Mint Mentha sp. Perennials A
Monkshood Aconitum sp. Perennials A
Moonglow Juniper Juniperus scopulorum 'Moonglow' Shrubs A
Mountain Pieris Pieris floribunda Shrubs A
New York Fern Thelyptens noveboracensis Ferns A
Northern Sea Oats Chasmanthium latifolium Ornamental Grasses A
Oregano Origanum sp. Perennials A
Oregon Grape Holly Mahonia aquifolium Shrubs A
Oriental Fountain Grass Pennisetum orientale Ornamental Grasses A
Ornamental Onion Allium sp. Perennials A
Ornamental Onion Allium sp. Bulbs A
Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris Ferns A
Pachysandra Pachysandra terminalis Groundcovers A
Pampus Grass Cortaderia selloana Ornamental Grasses A
Paper Birch Betula papyrifera Trees A
Pawpaw Asimina triloba Trees A
Peony Paeonia sp. Perennials A
Pitch Pine Pinus rigida Trees A
Poppy Papaver sp. Annuals A
Pot Marigold Calendula sp. Annuals A
Potentilla, Cinquefoil Potentilla sp. Perennials A
Prince of Wales Juniper Juniperus horizontalis 'Prince of Wales' Shrubs A
Purple Moor Grass Molinia caerulea Ornamental Grasses A
Purple Rock-Cress Aubretia deltoidea Perennials A
Ravenna Grass Erianthus ravennae Ornamental Grasses A
Red Elderberry Sambucus racemosa Shrubs A
Red Pine Pinus resinosa Trees A
River Birch Betula nigra Trees A
Rock-Cress Arabis caucasica Perennials A
Rocket Ligularia Ligularia 'The Rocket' Perennials A
Rodgers Flower Rodgersia sp. Perennials A
Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria Perennials A
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis Annuals A
Royal Fern Osmunda regalis Ferns A
Rue Ruta sp. Perennials A
Russian Cypress Microbiota decussata Shrubs A
Russian Olive Elaeagnus angustifolia Shrubs A
Russian Sage Perovskio atriplicifolia Perennials A
Sensitive Fern Onoclea sensibilis Ferns A
Siberian Bugloss Bruneria macrophylla (Brunnera) Perennials A
Siberian Squill Scilla siberica Bulbs A
Silver Mound Artemisia sp. Perennials A
Small Globe Thistle Echinops ritro Perennials A
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus Annuals A
Snowdrops Galanthus nivalis Bulbs A
Snow-on-the-Mountain Euphorbia marginata Annuals A
Spider Flower Cleome sp. Annuals A
Spotted Deadnettle Lamium sp. Groundcovers A
Spurge Euphorbia sp. (except 'Chameleon') Perennials A
Statice Limonium latifolium Perennials A
Strawflower Helichrysum Annuals A
Sweet Alyssum Lobularia maritima Annuals A
Sweet Box Sarcoccoca hookeriana Shrubs A
Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum (Asperula odorata) Groundcovers A
Switch Grass Panicum virgatum Ornamental Grasses A
Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus Perennials A
Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata Perennials A
Thyme Thymus sp. Perennials A
Variegated Purple Moor Grass Molinia caerulea 'Variegata' Ornamental Grasses A
Varigated Oat Grass Arrhenatherum elatius Ornamental Grasses A
Weeping Love Grass Eragrostus curvula Ornamental Grasses A
Wild Ginger Asarum canadense Perennials A
Winter Aconite Eranthus hyemalis Bulbs A
Wood Fern Dryopteris marginalis Ferns A
Yucca Yucca filimentosa Perennials A
African Lily Agapanthus sp. Perennials B
Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Trees B
American Bittersweet Celastrus scandens Vines B
Anthony Waterer Spirea Spiraea x bumalda Shrubs B
Armstrong Juniper Juniperus chinensis 'Armstrongii' Shrubs B
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis Perennials B
Aster Aster sp. Perennials B
Astilbe Astilbe sp. Perennials B
Austrian Pine Pinus nigra Trees B
Autumn Olive Elaeagnus umbellatus Shrubs B
Baby's Breath Gypsophila sp. Perennials B
Bachelor's Buttons Centaurea cyanus Annuals B
Bamboo Bambusa sp. Ornamental Grasses B
Basil Ocimum basilicum Annuals B
Bearberry Cotoneaster Cotoneaster dammeri Shrubs B
Beautyberry Callicarpa sp. Shrubs B
Beautybush Kolkwitzia amabilis Shrubs B
Bee balm Monarda didyma Perennials B
Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia sp. Perennials B
Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium Shrubs B
Blazing Star Liatris sp. Perennials B
Blue Star Juniper Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star' Shrubs B
Blueberry Elder, Sweet Elder Sambucus canadensis Shrubs B
Bog Rosemary Andromeda polifolia Shrubs B
Borage Borage officinalis Annuals B
Bottlebrush Grass Hystrix patula Ornamental Grasses B
Brambles Rubus sp. Shrubs B
Bridalwreath Spirea Spiraea prunifolia Shrubs B
Buckthorn Rhammus sp. Shrubs B
Bugloss Anchusa sp. Perennials B
Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa Perennials B
California Poppy Eschscholzia californica Annuals B
California Sweetshrub Calycanthus occidentalis Shrubs B
Calla Lily Zantedeschia sp. Bulbs B
Camassia Camassia leichtlini Bulbs B
Candytuft Iberis sempervirens Perennials B
Candytuft Iberis umbellata Annuals B
Canna Lily Canna sp. Bulbs B
Cardinal Flower Lobelia sp. Perennials B
Carnation, Pinks Dianthus sp. Perennials B
Carolina Silverbell Halesia carolina Shrubs B
Cherry Laurel Prunus laurocerasus Shrubs B
Chinese Fringe Tree Chionanthus retusus Trees B
Chinese Holly Ilex cornuta Shrubs B
Chinese Juniper (1) Juniperus chinensis cv. Shrubs B
Chinese Paper Birch Betula albo-sinensis Trees B
Coast Leucothoe Leucothoe axillaris Shrubs B
Cock's Comb Celosia sp. Annuals B
Colorado Blue Spruce Picea pungens Trees B
Columbine Aquilegia sp. Perennials B
Common Flowering Quince Chaenomeles speciosa Trees B
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Shrubs B
Common Sassafras Sassafras albidurn Trees B
Common Sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus Shrubs B
Common Witchhazel Hamamelis virginiana Shrubs B
Common Yarrow  Achillea millefolium Perennials B
Coralbells Heuchera sp. Perennials B
Coralberry Symphoricarpos x chenaultii Shrubs B
Corkscrew Willow Salix matsudana tortuosa Trees B
Cranberry Bush Viburnum opulus Shrubs B
Cranberry Cotoneaster Cotoneaster apiculatus Shrubs B
Crape Myrtle Lagerstroemia indica Shrubs B
Creeping Juniper (1) Juniperus horizontalis cv. Shrubs B
Creeping Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens Groundcovers B
Crocosmia Croscosmia sp. Perennials B
Crocus Crocus sp. Bulbs B
Currant Ribes sp. Shrubs B
Cyclamen Cyclamen sp. Perennials B
Dawn Redwood Metasequoia glyptostroboides Trees B
Delphinium Delphinium sp. Perennials B
Deutzia  Deutzia sp. Shrubs B
Dill Anethumus graveolens Annuals B
Doublefile Viburnum Viburnum plicatum tomentosurn Shrubs B
Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii Trees B
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea Trees B
Dragon Lady, San Jose Holly Ilex x aquipernyi Trees B
Drooping Sedge Carex pendula Ornamental Grasses B
Dwarf Balsam Fir Abies balsamea Shrubs B
Dwarf Mondo Grass Ophiopogon japonicus Ornamental Grasses B
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana Trees B
Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus Trees B
Elephant Ear Colocasia esculenta Bulbs B
English Hawthorn Crataegus laevigata Trees B
English Holly Ilex aquifolium Shrubs B
European Ash Fraxinus excelsior Trees B
European Beech Fagus sylvatica Trees B
European White Birch Betula pendula Trees B
Feverfew Chrysanthemum parthenium Perennials B
Firethorn Pyracantha coccinea Shrubs B
Foam Flower Tiarella cordifolia Perennials B
Forget-Me-Not Myosotis alpestris Biennials B
Forsythia Forsythia x intermedia Shrubs B
Fothergillia Fothergila sp. Shrubs B
French Marigold Tagetes patula Annuals B
Gas Plant Dictamus alba Perennials B
Gladiolus Gladiolus sp. Bulbs B
Glory Lily Gloriosa superba Bulbs B
Glossy Abelia Abelia sp. Shrubs B
Goldenrain Tree Koelreuteria paniculata Trees B
Goldenrod Solidago sp. Perennials B
Goldust Plant Aucuba japonica Shrubs B
Grape Hyacinth Muscari sp. Bulbs B
Green Ash Fraximus pennsylvanica Trees B
Hardy Geranium Geranium macrorrhizum Perennials B
Harlequin Glorybower Clerodendrum fargesii Shrubs B
Hazelnut Corylus sp. Shrubs B
Heartleaf Bergenia Bergenia sp. Perennials B
Hens and Chickens Sempervivum sp. Perennials B
Himalayan Birch Betula jacquemontii Trees B
Holly Osmanthus Osmanthus heterophyllus Shrubs B
Honey Locust Gleditsia triacanthos Trees B
Hyacinth Hyacinthus sp. Bulbs B
Inkberry Ilex glabra Shrubs B
Jacob's Ladder Polemonium caeruleum Perennials B
Japanese Anemone Anemone x hybrida Perennials B
Japanese Cedar Cryptomeria japonica Trees B
Japanese False cypress Chamaecyparis pisifera Trees B
Japanese Flowering Cherry Prunus serrulata Trees B
Japanese Flowering Quince Chaenomeles japonica Shrubs B
Japanese Garden Juniper Juniperus procumbens 'Nana' Shrubs B
Japanese Kerria Kerria japonica Shrubs B
Japanese Maple Acer palmatum Trees B
Japanese Red Pine Pinus densiflora Trees B
Japanese Spirea Spiraea japonica Shrubs B
Japanese Tree Lilac Syringa reticulata Shrubs B
Judd Viburnum Viburnum x juddii Shrubs B
Koreanspice Viburnum Viburnum carlesii Shrubs B
Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa Trees B
Lady's Mantle Alchemilla sp. Perennials B
Lance Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata Perennials B
Lantana Lantana sp. Annuals B
Large Periwinkle Vinca major Groundcovers B
Leatherleaf Viburnum Viburnum rhytidophyllum Shrubs B
Lilyturf Liriope sp. Groundcovers B
Lobelia Lobelia sp. Annuals B
Lupine Lupinus sp. Perennials B
Maltese Cross Lychnis chalcedonica Perennials B
Meadow Sage Salvia nemorosa Perennials B
Mist Flower Eupatorium coelestinurn Perennials B
Money Plant Lunaria annua Biennials B
Mountain Juniper (1) Juniperus scopulorum cv. Shrubs B
Mugo Pine Pinus mugo Shrubs B
Mullein Verbascum sp. Perennials B
Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus Annuals B
Norway Spruce Picea abies Trees B
Obedient Plant Physostegia sp. Perennials B
Oriental Poppy Papaver orientale Perennials B
Paperbark Maple Acer griseurn Trees B
Parsley Petroselinum crispum Annuals B
Patrinia Patrinia scabiosifolia Perennials B
Periwinkle Vinca minor Groundcovers B
Pfitzer Juniper Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzerana' Shrubs B
Pincushin Flower Scabiosa caucasica Perennials B
Plumbago Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Groundcovers B
Plume Poppy Macleaya cordata Perennials B
Primrose Primula sp. Perennials B
Privet Ligustrurn sp. Shrubs B
Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea Perennials B
Pyrenees Cotoneaster Cotoneaster congestus Shrubs B
Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia Shrubs B
Red Maple Acer rubrum Trees B
Red Osier Dogwood Cornus sericea Shrubs B
Red Twigged Dogwood Cornus alba Shrubs B
Red-Hot Poker Kniphofia tritoma Perennials B
Redvein Enkianthus Enkianthus campanulatus Shrubs B
Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum Perennials B
Ribbon Grass Phalaris arundinaceae Ornamental Grasses B
Rockspray Cotoneaster Cotoneaster horizontalis Shrubs B
Rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus Shrubs B
Ruby Horsechestnut Aesculus x carnea Trees B
Rue Anemone Anemonella thalictroides Perennials B
Salvia Salvia Annuals B
Saucer Magnolia Magnolia x soulangiana Shrubs B
Savin/Tam Juniper Juniperus sabin cv. Shrubs B
Savory Satureja montana Perennials B
Scotch Pine Pinus sylvestris Trees B
Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides Shrubs B
Sea Thrift Armeria maritima Perennials B
Sedge Scirpus lacustris Ornamental Grasses B
Serbian Spruce Picea omorika Trees B
Shadbush Amelanchier canadensis Trees B
Shiso Perilla frutescens Annuals B
Singleseed Juniper (1) Juniperus squamata cv. Shrubs B
Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpos foetidus Perennials B
Smokebush  Cotinus coggygria Shrubs B
Snakeroot, Bugbane Cimcifuga sp. Perennials B
Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale Perennials B
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus Shrubs B
Snow-in-Summer  Cerastium Perennials B
Soapwort Saponaria sp. Perennials B
Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum Trees B
Speedwell Veronica sp. Perennials B
Spicebush Lindera benzoin Shrubs B
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp. Perennials B
St. John's Wort Hypericum calycinum Perennials B
St. John's Wort Hypericum prolificum Shrubs B
Stocks Matthiola sp. Annuals B
Stokes' Aster Stokesia laevis Perennials B
Striped Maple Acer pensylvanicum Trees B
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum Trees B
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Perennials B
Sweet Mock Orange Philadelphus coronarius Shrubs B
Sweet Pepperbush Clethra sp. Shrubs B
Sweet William Dianthus barbatus Biennials B
Toad Lily Tricyrtis hirta Perennials B
Trillium Trillium sp. Perennials B
Trout Lily Erythronium Perennials B
Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipifera Trees B
Verbena Verbena x hybrida Annuals B
Violets Viola sp. Perennials B
Virginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica Perennials B
Virginia Sweetspire Itea virginica Shrubs B
Wallflower Cheiranthus sp. Annuals B
Weigela Weigela florida Shrubs B
White Boltonia Boltonia asteroides Perennials B
White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum Perennials B
White Spruce Picea glauca Trees B
Willowleaf Cotoneaster Cotoneaster salicifolius Shrubs B
Winter Jasmine Jasminum nudiflorum Vines B
Winterberry Holly Ilex verticillata Shrubs B
Wisteria Wisteria floribunda Vines B
Wood Sorrel Oxalis sp. Bulbs B
Yarrow Achillea filipendulina Perennials B
Yellow Birch Betula lutea Trees B
Yellow Foxglove Digitalis grandiflora Perennials B
Yellow Wax-Bells Kirengeshoma palmata Perennials B
Youngstown Andorra Juniper Juniperus horizontalis 'Youngstown' Shrubs B
Zinnia Zinnia sp. Annuals B
Alternate-Leaved Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Trees C
Apples Malus sp. Trees C
Atlantic White Cedar Chamaecyparis thyoides Trees C
Atlas Cedar Cedrus atlantica Trees C
Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum Trees C
Balloon Flower Platycodon grandiflorus Perennials C
Balsam Fir Abies balsamea Trees C
Balsam, Touch-Me-Not Impatiens balsamina Annuals C
Basswood Tilia americana Trees C
Bellflower Campanula glomerata Perennials C
Bigleaf Hydrangea Hydrangea macrophylla Shrubs C
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacia Trees C
Blanket Flower Gaillardia sp. Perennials C
Bloodtwig Dogwood Cornus sanguinea Shrubs C
Blue Holly Ilex x meserveae Shrubs C
Caladium Caladium sp. Bulbs C
Callery Pear Pyrus calleryana Trees C
Canterbury Bells Campanula medium Biennials C
Carolina Hemlock Tsuga caroliniana Trees C
Carolina Rhododendron Rhododendron carolinianum Shrubs C
Catawba Rhododendron Rhododendron catawbiense Shrubs C
Checkermallow Sidalcia malviflora Perennials C
Chestnut Oak Quercus prinus Trees C
Chinese Lilac Syringa x chinesis Shrubs C
Clematis Clematis sp. Vines C
Climbing Hydrangea Hydrangea anomala petiolaris Vines C
Coleus Coleus sp. Annuals C
Comfrey Symphytum officinale Perennials C
Common Horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum Trees C
Common Pear Pyrus communis Trees C
Cornelian Cherry Cornus mas Trees C
Cosmos Cosmos sp. Annuals C
Dahlia Dahlia sp. Annuals C
Daylily Hemerocallis sp. Perennials C
Deciduous Azaleas (1) Rhododendron sp. Shrubs C
Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Trees C
Eastern Redbud Cercis canadensis Trees C
English Daisy Bellis perennis Perennials C
English Ivy Hedera helix Groundcovers C
English Ivy Hedera helix Vines C
European Larch Larix decidua Trees C
Fall Mums Chrysanthemum Perennials C
Fleabane Erigeron sp. Perennials C
Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Trees C
Fragrant Winterhazel Corylopsis glabrescens Shrubs C
Fraser Fir Abies fraseri Trees C
Garden Lily Lilium sp. Bulbs C
Garden Petunia Petunia sp. Annuals C
Geranium Pelargonium sp. Annuals C
Gerbera Daisy Gerbera jamesonii Annuals C
Geum, Avens Geum sp. Perennials C
Globeflower Trollius sp. Perennials C
Goat's Beard Aruncus sp. Perennials C
Goldflame Honeysuckle Lonicera x heckrottii Vines C
Gooseneck Loosestrife Lysimachia clethroides Perennials C
Greenspire Littleleaf Linden Tilia cordata 'Greenspire' Trees C
Hardy Begonia Begonia grandis Perennials C
Hardy Geranium Geranium clarkei Perennials C
Hardy Geranium Geranium sanguineum Perennials C
Hardy Geranium Geranium x cantabrigiense Perennials C
Heavenly Bamboo Nandina sp. Shrubs C
Highbush Blueberry Vaccinum corymbosum Shrubs C
Hinoki Cypress Chamaecyparis obtusa Trees C
Hollyhock Alcea sp. Perennials C
Hybrid Tea Rose Rosa x hybrid Shrubs C
Impatiens Impatiens walleriana Annuals C
Japanese Euonymus Euonymus japonica Shrubs C
Japanese Holly Ilex crenata Shrubs C
Late Lilac Syringa villosa Shrubs C
Leyland Cypress Cupressocyparis leyandii Trees C
Meadowsweet Filipendula sp. Perennials C
Morning Glory Ipomea sp. Annuals C
Mountain Bluet Centaurea montana Perennials C
Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia Shrubs C
Multiflora Rose Rosa multiflora Shrubs C
Nellie Stevens Holly Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens' Trees C
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Trees C
Norway Maple Acer platanoides Trees C
Oakleaf Hydrangea  Hydrangea quercifolia Shrubs C
Panicle Hydrangea Hydrangea paniculata Shrubs C
Panicled Dogwood Cornus racemosa Shrubs C
Pansy Viola sp. Annuals C
Penstemon Penstemon sp. Perennials C
Pernyi Holly Ilex pernyi Trees C
Persian Lilac Syringa x persica Shrubs C
Phlox Phlox sp. Perennials C
Pink Turtlehead Chelone sp. Perennials C
Purple Leaf Sand Cherry Prunus x cistena Shrubs C
Purple Loosestrife Lythrum sp. Perennials C
Rose Mallow Hibiscus moscheutos Perennials C
Rosebay Rhododendron Rhododendron maximum Shrubs C
Rugosa Rose Rosa rugosa Shrubs C
Shasta Daisy Chrysanthemum superbum Perennials C
Shasta Daisy Leucanthemum maximum Perennials C
Shore Juniper Juniperus conferta Shrubs C
Showy Sedum Sedum spectabile Perennials C
Silver Maple Acer saccharinum Trees C
Smooth Hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Shrubs C
Solomon's Seal Polygonatum sp. Perennials C
Spurge Euphorbia dulcis 'Chameleon' Perennials C
Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina Trees C
Sundrops Oenethera sp. Perennials C
Sunflower Helianthus sp. Annuals C
Sweet Cherry Prunus avium Trees C
Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Trees C
Trumpet Creeper Campsis radicans Vines C
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquifolia Vines C
Wax Begonia Begonia semperflorens Annuals C
Western Arborvitae Thuja plicata Trees C
White Fir Abies concolor Trees C
White Fringe Tree Chionanthus virginicus Trees C
White Oak Quercus alba Trees C
Willows (1) Salix sp. Trees C
Winged Euonymus Euonymus alata Shrubs C
Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei Groundcovers C
American Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis Trees D
Candy Lily Pardancanda x norrisii Perennials D
Cherries (1) Prunus sp. Trees D
European Mountain Ash Sorbus aucuparia Trees D
Evergreen Azaleas (1) Rhododendron sp. Shrubs D
Hardy Geranium Geranium endressii Perennials D
Hosta Hosta sp. Perennials D
Pinxterbloom Azalea Rhododendron penclymenoides Shrubs D
Plums Prunus sp. Trees D
Rhododendrons (1) Rhododendron sp. Shrubs D
Sea-Holly Eryngium sp. Perennials D
Strawberry Fragraria sp. Perennials D
Tulip Tulip sp. Bulbs D
Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei Shrubs D
Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei Vines D
Yews Taxus sp. Shrubs D

Footnotes

1 Check other rating categories to find additional species or cultivars of this genus.

2 May eat buds

 

Basic Garden Color Theory - Handy for choosing plants in your favorite colors.

 

Sources

Rutgers University
Garden Gate and Better Homes and Gardens  design adaptations

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